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Old 06-26-2022, 02:55 PM   #1
shew01
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Default Water Pump Replacement

I finally got my water pump off and removed the aluminum two-blade fan. I had to use a wheel puller to remove the fan blade.

The guy who replaced my fan a couple years back warned me that fans can work loose (as mine had already done). The fan was very hard to remove; so, Iím thinking he used some kind of thread locking product on it.

Should I use some sort of thread locking product?

Can I reuse the fan woodruff key without having issues?

What should I use on the paper gasket? I was thinking about using Hylomar Blue.

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Old 06-26-2022, 03:09 PM   #2
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

Do you remove the pump to replace it?

Original steel fan blades can come apart. Reproduction aluminum ones don't. The tapered pulley is what holds it on for the most part. The cotter pin in the shaft is more than enough to hold the fan in place after tightening.
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Old 06-26-2022, 03:12 PM   #3
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

And install a washer under the nut.
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Old 06-26-2022, 04:09 PM   #4
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Default Water Pump Replacement

Quote:
Originally Posted by chrs1961815 View Post
Do you remove the pump to replace it?

Original steel fan blades can come apart. Reproduction aluminum ones don't. The tapered pulley is what holds it on for the most part. The cotter pin in the shaft is more than enough to hold the fan in place after tightening.

Thanks for the feedback, but all I know is that the fan on my car was aluminum, and it eventually worked loose and galled out the taper to the point that the fan was definitely loose, which is why I had it replaced a couple of years ago. I checked the fan several months prior, and it was tight. So, Iím taking the Model A mechanicís warning about loose aluminum fans seriously. They can loosen.


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Old 06-26-2022, 04:10 PM   #5
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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Originally Posted by shew01 View Post
Should I use some sort of thread locking product?

Can I reuse the fan woodruff key without having issues?

What should I use on the paper gasket? I was thinking about using Hylomar Blue.
Can anyone help with these questions?


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Old 06-26-2022, 04:23 PM   #6
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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Quote:
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And install a washer under the nut.

The car didnít have a washer there. Whatís does the washer do?


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Old 06-26-2022, 04:48 PM   #7
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

The washer is not original and not really needed. The nut needs to be tight to keep the fan from galling the shaft. Whoever did yours did not tighten it nearly enough. You need to make sure you got the key in the keyway and it is on square all the way. Tighten the nut until you can tighten no more. Cotter pin it and it won't ever come loose.
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Old 06-26-2022, 05:23 PM   #8
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

When I removed the old water pump, it looks like there was some sort of gasket sealer even on the studs. Can the studs leak antifreeze?


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Old 06-26-2022, 07:43 PM   #9
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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When I removed the old water pump, it looks like there was some sort of gasket sealer even on the studs. Can the studs leak antifreeze?


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If you look at the head, 3 of the 4 stud holes don't go through to the coolant (unless someone has been very heavy handed and broken out the back of one). Sealant should only be needed on the stud that goes through to the coolant at the most. I never use a sealant there other than a smear of silicone (or Permatex #2) on the gasket.
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Old 06-26-2022, 08:57 PM   #10
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

Elsewhere I have described the issue of both aluminum fan hubs (the hole was done as an "as cast" form and tend to "wasp waisted" reverse barrel shape) and the pump shafts (many shafts were provided with an actual "barrel shape" as in two different tapers.)

Its all a matter of "quality."

The issue(s) are overcome somewhat by repeated tightening which "stretches" the aluminum hub over the barrel shaped taper, galling the aluminum and possibly the shaft. In effect what one achieves by repeated tightening is what the machinists call an "interference fit." Hence the difficulty of removal. While a locking type material MAY have been used, it likely was not, and the interference would force it out if it were.

It's not like a "real" fit in this case where the aluminum hub stretches uniformly over the uniformly tapered shaft. Instead you tend to get "point contact." (line contact?)

The use of a washer compensates somewhat for the point (or line) contact thus formed, and the washer gives you some freedom of motion for additional tightening without bottoming out the nut.

The later shafts and hubs are better - more uniform in taper and a step up in quality - but I'm considering the issue is far from solved.

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Old 06-26-2022, 09:03 PM   #11
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

not what you asked but some info that may help next time.

to get those aluminum fan blades off easier i use my electric heat gun, heat them up. the aluminum is quick to expand and they usually come off pretty easy.
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Old 06-26-2022, 09:29 PM   #12
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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not what you asked but some info that may help next time.

to get those aluminum fan blades off easier i use my electric heat gun, heat them up. the aluminum is quick to expand and they usually come off pretty easy.
Good tip, I'll remember that (till I need it).
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Old 06-28-2022, 04:21 AM   #13
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

I may end up needing to find another water pump. I donít know if the rebuilt one that I have is going to work. Does anyone have new water pumps in stock at the moment? Ives heard that most Model A vendors are out of stock at the moment.


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Old 06-28-2022, 09:55 AM   #14
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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Originally Posted by shew01 View Post
I may end up needing to find another water pump. I don’t know if the rebuilt one that I have is going to work. Does anyone have new water pumps in stock at the moment? Ives heard that most Model A vendors are out of stock at the moment.
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Good used ones are available for $10 plus ship on Ebay. Maybe $20 total. Of course you then have to buy $30 worth of parts to rebuild it.

Although the $1 water pump I bought at the Epping Antique Auto Flea Market could be cleaned up, repacked, and re-used. It wouldn't be a thing of beauty but it could work.

In rebuilding a pump you need to determine if you need the "extended shaft" to compensate for wear of the bridge in your cylinder head. Putting the impeller in EXACTLY the right spot can be challenging.

There are other ways to compensate for the worn bridge. One method used is to drill and tap the bridge for a brass bolt - and its converse to drill and tap the impeller end of the shaft.

Some of the "forever" pumps have the front bearings such that the shaft is totally constrained - a bridge is not even necessary and frequently the impeller end of the pump shaft nose is cut off (not needed)

And in rebuilding one will do well to ask the supplier if the stainless shaft diameter is anything less than the 0.625 of a properly sized original: MANY sources of rolled stainless rod (from which many of these shafts are made) take their sizing a thousandth or two small from the rod stock they start with. A good parts supplier will know and he will give assurance that a pressed on impeller will truly press on with a correct fit (most who do this "pin" the impeller as a security measure.)

The brass or plated "spanner nut" (gland nut) can be either "original" - or provided with a rubber lip seal. I tend to like original since this doesn't rule out installation of a ring of packing even for a rubber lip seal pump.

The brass "gland/shaft bearing" (The spanner nut screws onto this) can be either original or provided with a rubber lip seal - or two! Be sure the grease holes in casting and bearing line up when you press them together.

And the pump "front" bearing can be either original using the spring-type "chevron'ed" spring fit bearing shell (part next to the casting) and an original Hyatt type bearing which rotates directly on the shaft. Or it can use a Torrington inner "shaft race" and a cup style Torrington needle bearing put directly into the casting. I don't have the numbers for these but if you find your stainless shaft a little undersized by "center punching" the shaft repeatedly or "knurling" one can compensate for the slop and hold the race on the shaft as an "interference fit." (you don't want the race turning separate from the shaft.)

There is some mechanical "art & science" to rebuilding a water pump, and choices to which option you pursue.

Or like the $1 pump of my acquisition, simply clean up the parts, pack it, and make it work?

Luck of the draw is a force too.

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Old 06-28-2022, 12:25 PM   #15
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

To answer your question "Can I reuse the fan woodruff key without having issues?
The answer is yes, unless it is chewed up beyond use, should fit nice and snug and tight with no missing chunks out of it, but if you have any doubts about the key change it out...they are cheap.
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Old 06-28-2022, 06:47 PM   #16
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

When I initially looked at my Woodruff key, I thought it might be reusable, but, on closer inspection, it was a bit twisted. I found a replacement at Ace Hardware.




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Old 06-28-2022, 06:49 PM   #17
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

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When I initially looked at my Woodruff key, I thought it might be reusable, but, on closer inspection, it was a bit twisted. I found a replacement at Ace Hardware.




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Advance Auto had a package of assorted sizes, but only one of five looked like it would fit.

Brattonís was out of stock. It seems most Model A vendors are out of stock on water pumps, parts, and rebuild kits.


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Old 06-29-2022, 06:46 PM   #18
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

Shew - I use Hylomar Blue on almost all paper gaskets to good effect. Having said that, note Synchro909's comment about only one stud communicating with water, that's an excellent point that I had not previously thought about.

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Old 06-29-2022, 09:41 PM   #19
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

another thing about replacing your water pump is the internal clearance in the cylinder head.
this clearance should be checked to make sure the shaft does not move rearword and the impeller fins don't interfere with the inside head casting. most of the time its plug and play but i have seen some that the impeller has been destroyed because it hit the inside. there is a spec for the clearance from the end of the shaft to the inside bearing boss and the distance the impeller is supposed to be pressed onto the shaft.

all im saying is check that it turns without interference and without to much forward movement.
don't rely on the fan belt keeping it in position.
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Old 06-29-2022, 10:30 PM   #20
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Default Re: Water Pump Replacement

Quote:
and the impeller fins don't interfere with the inside head casting.
Many actually "trim" the impeller fins a bit as it is felt that the flow is entirely TOO FAST - and contributes to issues at the radiator overflow (which is right in the flow path from the pump.)

Credence to this thought comes also in that there was at least one maker of Model A "Aftermarket" pumps who utilized a later V8 type impeller - and a single impeller of this lesser vane did perfectly fine in the Model A application.

These aftermarket pumps are actually probably the first "leakproof" type pump having as they do a ceramic supposedly leakproof seal surface.



The image is an Ebay image so it probably won't last but these aftermarket pumps can be described quickly as "not having a gland or adjustment" otherwise similar to the original Model A pump.

The sleeve front bearing is probably the most undesirable part of this pump.

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